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Friday, April 4, 2014

Before Prefectures - There Were Han

The Japan of today is one that has 47 prefectures, which I suppose you could define as States like in the U.S. of A or like Provinces in Canada or China.

In Japan, provinces are designated as XXXX-ken, with the XXXX being the actual province name and 'ken; implying 'prefecture'.

But... if we were to go back in time (Come along, Sherman) in our Way-Back machine... all the way back to 1870... we would instead find something called Han.

Basically, the Han were feudal territories that were devised to allow the Tokugawa Shogunate to administer control over the land. They existed until 1871 when the Han were abolished via the Meiji Restoration of the Emperor as the supreme ruler of Japan.

Below is a list of the Han... as divided by area, and province. For an excellent reference of their locations, I would urge you to take a look at a blog from two months back HERE which has a map of Japan printed originally in 1853. Man... I've been sitting on this boring blog entry (it is boring, but factual) since February 5, 2014.

The Han are listed below under the province designation. Where possible, I am giving a bit of information on each Han. As with all things Japan, providing a simple list for me becomes quite convoluted. And yes... this is just for information only... I don't expect anyone to memorize it.

By the way... 'han' as in Han Solo... 'obi' as in Obi Wan Kenobi... that's a couple of Japanese sounding words prevalent in Star Wars.

Kanto Region

Hitachi Province
  • Mito - held by a branch of the Tokugawa clan;
  • Matsukawa - part of the Mito Han;
  • Matsuoka - part of the Mito Han;
  • Kasama - now in Ibaraki;
  • Shishido - part of Ibaraki;
  • Shimotsuma - part of Ibaraki;
  • Shimodate;
  • Hitachi-Fuchū;
  • Tsuciura;
  • Asō;
  • Yatabe;
  • Ushiku;
Shimotsuke Province
  • Kurohane (nowKurobane);
  • Ōtawara (spelled as Ohtawara now - and MY home town);
  • Kitsuregawa;
  • Utsunomiya;
  • Mibu;
  • Fukiage;
  • Sano;
  • Ashikaga;
Kōzuke Province
  • Tatebayashi;
  • Isezaki;
  • Maebashi;
  • Takasaki;
  • Numata;
  • Yoshii;
  • Annaka;
  • Nanokaichi;
  • Obata;
Shimōsa Province
  • Koga;
  • Yūki;
  • Sekiyado;
  • Takaoka;
  • Omigawa;
  • Sakura – Based in modern-day Chiba Prefecture; held by the Hotta clan;
  • Tako;
  • Oyumi;
Kazusa Province
  • Goi;
  • Tsurumaki;
  • Jōzai – Based in modern-day Chiba Prefecture; held by the Hayashi clan (Jōzai). Previously called Kaibuchi, later reassigned to the Takiwaki-Matsudaira clan of Ojima and renamed Sakurai;
  • Iino – Based in modern-day Chiba Prefecture; held by a branch family of the Aizu Domain's Hoshina and later Matsudaira clans;
  • Ichinomiya;
  • Sanuki;
  • Kururi;
  • Ōtaki;
Awa Province
  • Awa-Katsuyama;
  • Tateyama;
  • Hōjō;
Musashi Province
  • Okabe;
  • Kuki;
  • Oshi – Based in modern-day Saitama Prefecture; held by the Matsudaira clan and Abe clan;
  • Iwatsuki – Based in modern-day Saitama Prefecture; held by the Nagai clan, Ōoka clan, Abe clan;
  • Kawagoe – Based in modern-day Saitama Prefecture; held by the Sakai clan, Hotta clan, Yanagisawa clan, Akimoto clan, Matsudaira clan;
  • Mutsuura;
Sagami Province
  • Odawara – Based in modern-day Kanagawa Prefecture; held by the Ōkubo clan, Abe clan, Inaba clan;
  • Oginoyamanaka;

Chibu Region

Echigo Province
  • Itoigawa;
  • Kurokawa;
  • Mikkaichi;
  • Mineyama;
  • Murakami;
  • Muramatsu;
  • Nagaoka;
  • Shibata;
  • Shiiya;
  • Takada;
  • Yoita;
Shinano Province
  • Iida
  • Iiyama
  • Iwamurata;
  • Komoro;
  • Matsumoto;
  • Matsushiro;
  • Ōhama;
  • Okutono;
  • Susaka;
  • Suwa;
  • Takashima;
  • Takatō;
  • Tanokuchi;
  • Ueda;
Kai Province
  • Kōfu;
  • Yamura;
Etchū Province
  • Toyama;
Kaga Province
  • Daishōji;
  • Kaga;
  • Kanazawa;
Echizen Province
  • Fukui;
  • Katsuyama;
  • Maruoka;
  • Ōno;
  • Sabae;
  • Tsuruga;
Wakasa Province
  • Obama;
  • Takahama;

Hokkaidō Region

  • Matsumae – Located in modern-day Matsumae town, Matsumae District; held by the Matsumae clan. Only domain in Ezo (modern Hokkaidō). Also known as Tate.

Tōhoku Region

Mutsu Province
  • Hirosaki – Located in modern-day Aomori Prefecture;
  • Kuroishi – Branch of Hirosaki han, based in modern-day Kuroishi, Aomori;
  • Hachinohe – Branch of Morioka han;
  • Kunohe – Branch of Morioka Domain, corresponded to modern Kunohe District, Iwate;
  • Morioka – Located in modern-day Akita, Aomori, and Iwate Prefectures, originally consisted of 10 districts;
  • Kōri – Based in modern-day Kōri town, Date District, Fukushima;
  • Aizu – Based in modern-day Aizuwakamatsu, Fukushima Prefecture; controlled by the Hoshina (Matsudaira) family;
  • Ichinoseki – Branch of Sendai han, based in modern-day Ichinoseki, Iwate; held by the Tamura clan, a branch family of the Date clan;
  • Iwakitaira – Based in modern-day Iwaki, Fukushima. Held by the Torii family briefly from 1606–1622, held by the Andō clan from mid-18th century to 1868;
  • Miharu – Held by the Kato, Matsushita, and Akita families;
  • Moriyama – Held by the Mito-Matsudaira clan, a branch of the Tokugawa;
  • Sendai – Based in modern-day Sendai, Miyagi; held by the Date clan;
    • Mizusawa Domain – subdomain;
  • Shimotedo – Based in modern-day Tsukidate town, Date District, Fukushima;
  • Nakamura – Another name is the Sōma-Nakamura Domain. Based in modern-day Sōma, Fukushima; held by the Sōma clan;
  • Yunagaya;
  • Izumi;
Dewa Province
  • Kubota – Based in modern-day Akita City; held by the Satake clan;
  • Tsuruoka – Based in modern-day Tsuruoka, Yamagata Prefecture; held by the Sakai clan. Also known as Shōnai;
  • Dewa-Matsuyama (a branch of Tsuruoka);
  • Ōyama (a branch of Tsuruoka);
  • Nigaho;
  • Yamagata – Based in modern-day Yamagata, Yamagata Prefecture; held by the Torii family;
  • Yonezawa – Held by the Uesugi clan;
  • Nagatoro- Held by the Yonezu clan;
  • Kameda - Held by the Iwaki clan;
  • Honjō - Held by the Rokugō clan;
  • Shinjō- Held by the Tozawa clan;
  • Kaminoyama;
  • Tendo;
  • Yonezawashinden;

Tōkai Region

Suruga Province
  • Numazu
  • Ōjima;
  • Sunpu;
  • Tanaka
Tōtōmi Province
  • Sagara;
  • Kakegawa;
  • Yokosuka;
  • Hamamatsu;
Mikawa Province
  • Yoshida;
  • Tawara;
  • Hatagamura;
  • Nishiōhira;
  • Okazaki;
  • Koromo;
  • Nishio;
  • Kariya;
  • Ogyū-Okutono;
  • Ashisuke;
  • Shinshiro;
Owari Province
  • Owari;
  • Inuyama;
  • Ogawa;
  • Owari Kuroda;
  • Kiyosu;
Hida Province
  • Hida-Takayama;
Mino Province
  • Naegi;
  • Iwamura;
  • Kanō;
  • Imao;
  • Takasu;
  • Takatomi;
  • Gujōhachiman;
  • Ōgaki;

Kansai Region

Ise Province
  • Nagashima;
  • Kuwana Held by the Hisamatsu-Matsudaira clan;
  • Komono;
  • Kanbe;
  • Ise-saijo (Minami-hayashizaki);
  • Ise-kameyama;
  • Tsu – Based in modern-day Mie Prefecture; held by the Tōdō clan;
  • Hisai;
Shima Province
  • Toba;
Ōmi Province
  • Miyagawa;
  • Katada;
  • Ōmizo;
  • Hikone;
  • Hikoneshinden;
  • Yamakami;
  • Mikami;
  • Nishōji;
  • Minakuchi;
  • Zeze;
Yamashiro Province
  • Yodo;
Yamato Province
  • Yagyū;
  • Kōriyama;
  • Koizumi;
  • Yanagimoto;
  • Kaiju-Shibamura;
  • Uda-Matsuyama;
  • Kujira;
  • Takatori;
Kii Province
  • Wakayama (ruled by a branch of the Tokugawa clan);
Izumi Province
  • Kishiwada;
  • Hakata;
Kawachi Province
  • Sayama;
  • Tannan;
Settsu Province
  • Takatsuki;
  • Asada – Based in modern-day Hyōgo and Osaka Prefectures; held by the Aoki clan;
  • Amagasaki;
  • Sanda;
Tamba Province
  • Tanba-Kameyama;
  • Sonobe;
  • Yamaga;
  • Ayabe;
  • Fukuchiyama;
  • Sasayama;
  • Kaibara;
Tango Province
  • Tanabe;
  • Miyazu;
  • Mineyama;
Harima Province
  • Akashi;
  • Ono;
  • Migusa;
  • Himeji;
  • Hayashida;
  • Tatsuno;
  • Anshi;
  • Mikazuki;
  • Akō;
Tajima Province
  • Izushi;
  • Toyooka;
Awaji Province
  • Awaji-sumoto A part of the Tokushima Domain, it was held by the Inada family, retainers of the Hachisuka clan;

Chūgoku Region

Inaba Province
  • Tottori;
  • Shikano;
  • Wakasa;
Hōki Province
  • Yonago;
  • Kurayoshi;
  • Kurosaka;
  • Yabase;
Izumo Province
  • Hirose;
  • Mori;
  • Matsue;
  • Matsueshinden;
Iwami Province
  • Yoshinaga;
  • Hamada;
  • Tsuwano;
Bizen Province
  • Okayama;
  • Koshima;
Mimasaka Province
  • Tsuyama;
  • Tsuyamashinden;
  • Mimasaka-Katsuyama;
Bitchū Province
  • Niwase;
  • Ashimori;
  • Ikusaka;
  • Asao;
  • Okada;
  • Kamogata;
  • Bitchu-Matsuyama;
  • Niimi;
  • Nariwa;
  • Nishiebara;
Bingo Province
  • Fukuyama;
  • Miyoshi;
Aki Province
  • Hiroshima;
  • Hiroshimashinden;
Suō Province
  • Iwakuni;
  • Tokuyama;
  • Kudamatsu;
Nagato Province
  • Chōshū;
  • Chōfu;
  • Kiyosue;

Shikoku Region

Awa Province
  • Tokushima;
Sanuki Province
  • Takamatsu;
  • Marugame;
  • Tadotsu;
Iyo Province
  • Saijō;
  • Komatsu;
  • Imabari;
  • Iyo-Matsuyama;
  • Ozu;
  • Niiya;
  • Iyoyoshida;
  • Uwajima;
  • Tomida;
  • Matsuyamashinden;
Tosa Province
  • Tosa;
  • Tosashinden;

Kyūshū Region

Chikuzen Province
  • Fukuoka;
  • Akizuki;
  • Tōrenji;
Chikugo Province
  • Kurume;
  • Yanagawa;
  • Miike;
Buzen Province
  • Kokura;
  • Kokurashinden;
  • Nakatsu;
Bungo Province
  • Kitsuki;
  • Hiji;
  • Mori;
  • Funai;
  • Usuki;
  • Saeki;
  • Oka;
Hizen Province
  • Karatsu;
  • Saga;
  • Hasunoike;
  • Ogi;
  • Kashima;
  • Hirado;
  • Hiradoshinden;
  • Ōmura;
  • Shimabara;
  • Fukue;
Tsushima Province
  • Tsushima;
Higo Province
  • Kumamoto;
  • Uto;
  • Hitoyoshi;
  • Kumamotoshinden;
Hyūga Province
  • Nobeoka;
  • Takanabe;
  • Sadowara;
  • Obi;
Satsuma Province and Ōsumi Province
  • Satsuma;
  • Ryūkyū;
Whew! And that is that! That's a lot of feudal territories. You really have to han it to the Japanese Shogun for being able to control them all...

Anyhow... the list is just here for reference... Wikipedia had it all... I sure as hell didn't know this stuff... 

Cheers,
Andrew Joseph

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