Welcome to Yaeyama Islands 八重山諸島, Yaeyama-shotō), a group of islands (known as an archipelago) that is southwest of Okinawa… or to be more precise, southwest of the Miyako islands that are part of the Ryukyu Islands archipelago.
The Yaeyama Islands cover an area of 591.46 kilometers (228.36 square miles), and are the farthest islands away from mainland Japan.
The inhabited islands are:
- Ishigaki Island (Ishigaki-jima);
- Aragusuku Island (Aragusuku-jima);
- Hateruma Island (Hateruma-jima);
- Iriomote Island (Iriomote-jima);
- Kayama Island (Kayama-jima);
- Kohama Island (Kohama-jima);
- Kuroshima Island (Kuroshima);
- Sotobanari Island (Sotobanari-jima) - though called officially uninhabited;
- Taketomi Island (Taketomi-jima);
- Yubu Island (Yubu-jima);
- Hatoma Island (Hatoma-jima);
- Yonaguni Island (Yonaguni-jima),
Yonaguni-machi (Yonaguni Town) is on Yonaguni Island; Taketomi-machi (Taketomi Town) is on Taketomi Island; and Ishigaki-shi (Ishigaki City) is on Ishigaki Island, which serves as the political, cultural, and economic head of the Yaeyama Islands.
Population of the islands is, as of March 31, 2011, 53,627 people... which means that over one square mile, there are 236 people (or 91 people over a square kilometer)... which sounds busy, but it's really not.
While Japanese is the second language spoken throughout the islands, the Yonaguni language is the indigenous language of Yonaguni-jima, while the Yaeyama language is the indigenous language of the rest of the islands.
How cool is that? The folks out here, if you asked them, do not primarily consider themselves to be Japanese. Neither do the Okinawans. I heard residents of Okinawa state that on an episode of the CNN show Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown.
Aside from fishing and farming, the island natives create traditional Okinawan textiles, and maybe after this, some tourism, but from what I can tell from the image at the top, vacation cruise ships might do a fly by the islands, with a stop to let them off and look around, but as of yet, there are no hotels there.
Edible vegetation on the island includes pineapples and sugarcane.
The islands also sport some nifty coral reefs, which is why there are plenty of dolphins, manta rays, whale sharks and sea turtles.
However, proving that man is man no matter where you place him/her, the Yaeyama islands was also once home to a sizable population of whales and dugongs before hunters exterminated them.
The dugong is one of four living species of the order Sirenia, which also includes three species of manatees (aka sea cow). Sirenia... as in the mermaid sirens who would call to sailors with their siren song, luring the boats onto the coral reefs to smash.
These Yaeyama islands once possessed one of the largest populations of dugongs in the Ryukyu Islands. The dugongs were hunted for their meat and oil within their body. The entire dugong species, each critter having a life of 70 years or more, is considered to be a species vulnerable to extinction.
On Aragusuku Island, there is a shrine dedicated to the area's dugongs that were hunted to extinction in the area, complete with dugong skulls. Some of the locals pray to the spirit of these creatures—perhaps in atonement, and will chase off non-natives who try to enter the shrine.
The Yaeyama Islands follow the general Ryukyuan religion, a form of shinto known as: Ryukyu Shinto (琉球神道), Nirai Kanai Shinkou (ニライカナイ信仰), or Utaki Shinkou (御嶽信仰).
Like all shinto religions, it is a respect for all things living, dead, the gods and spirits of the natural world.... which may be why they are very touchy about their role in killing off the local dugong population and thus killing off the shinto dugong spirit.
For those with a yen for adventure (it ain't cheap), the Yaeyama Islands offer great places to dive in an area largely unspoiled by machination.
For those who simply want to lie on a beach, you might want to check out Kaiji Beach (Taketomi-jima), where the grains of sand are hoshi-suna, literally star-shaped.
|Hoshi-suna sand. Image from https://umolhargaijin.wordpress.com/2012/01/23/as-estrelas-de-areia-hoshisuna-%E6%98%9F%E3%81%AE%E7%A0%82/|
And yes, the star-shaped sand grains are actually teeny-tiny shells.
Anyhow, if searching for and lying on a pointy shelled rocky beach isn't your cup of o-cha (green tea), I suppose there's the really fresh food, though I would imagine it's going to be a lot of sea food, pineapple and sugarcane-related tastes.
Oooh... you can rent a bike to ride around an island... obviously the big one, Ishigaki Island, and I suppose you can ride on a water buffalo drawn cart.
That's pretty much it... but dammit, you are heading to one of those islands few people on the planet have ever heard of.
Oh, and if you do happen to be in the area as of July 14 (check the date, before you make plans, though) on Hateruma Island, the Mushaama Matsuri (Festival) is held, which has the standard parade of people in festive costumes honoring Miruku, a local fertility god.
I'm unsure if that means there will be a lot of giant phallic symbols or not. Be prepared. Bring your own.