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Thursday, June 9, 2016

Periodic Table: Element Nihonium - Nh 113

Pretty soon, Japan will have its very own element on the Periodic Table.

Yup… nihonium. That’s element No. 113. Nh.

Nihon is one way of saying “Japan”

Recognized by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry back in 2015, nihonium along with moscovium (element 115, Mc), tennessine (element 117, Ts) and oganesson (element 118, Og) are all on a five-month probation list.

Like what… to ensure they don’t have any unscheduled frat parties? 

These elements now make up and complete the seventh row of the periodic table.

Nihonium - this is the first ever element to be discovered by an Asian country, in this case Japan, and was produced (found/discovered) by RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science… led by professor Morita Kosuke (surname first). That's him in the image above, from 2015, pointing to Nh 113 on the Periodic Table of Elements.

I have owned two tee-shirts that listed the periodic table of elements on them, with the added ‘wow’ factor that the radioactive elements glowed in the dark.

I should point out that while I like to know as much about chemistry and science as possible, I did fail chemistry twice in high school… then again… that was before I discovered this new thing called “studying”.

Would a woman really wear this shirt if she wasn't getting paid? Funny, though. Yes, Señorita, they look like C's.
So… since their recognition by the Union on December 30, 2015, the discoverers of these elements - which you can bet have a very, very, very short half-life - were asked to submit names for their respective element and allow a public review until my birthday on November 8, 2016. Apparently, they welcome feedback.

You can split hairs or atoms HERE.

I have a comment… WTF is oganesson supposed to represent? Nihon, Moscow, Tennessee - I get those… Oganesson… didja name it after yourself? Apparently it was actually named in homage of Yuri Oganessian who was a pioneer of superheavy elements… so I guess that’s actually a nice tribute.
None of these four elements can be found naturally in nature. They are all created in a lab. Each has a stupidly fast rate of decay (zillions of them died as I wrote this sentence), and is extremely difficult to manufacture. As such… they were extremely difficult to prove they existed.

Until this moment (no, the one that just passed), these short-lived synthetic elements were bot considered TRUE elements, as they were previously given temporary names and symbols on the Periodic Table…

Here, professor Morita is pointing at the short guy.
To ‘find’ Nh 113, the team bombarded a thin layer of bismuth with zinc ions traveling at about 10% the speed of light (18,600 miles per second/ 29,979,245.8 meters per second). This fuses together to form the atom of Nh 113.

In five month's time... I'm going to need a new shirt.

Honestly, I have worn out both shirts, and do need a new one... but I can wait. I bought my last one from HERE.

Professor Morita continues to drill home his point.

Nihonium,
Andrew Joseph

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